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Terms you may hear from your physician:

Cardiovascular Disease – is also known as heart disease. A disease of the heart and blood vessels which includes numerous problems, many of which are related to atherosclerosis.

Cardiac Arrest – caused when the heart’s electrical system malfunctions.

Carotid Artery Screening – a non-invasive, ultrasound study done to assess the blood flow and wall structure of the arteries in the neck. A carotid artery screening is used to assess possible occlusion (blockage) or stenosis (narrowing) of the arteries before any symptoms occur.

Atherosclerosis – a condition that develops when plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries. The buildup narrows the arteries, making it more difficult for blood to flow through. When a clot forms it can stop blood flow which can lead to heart attack or stroke.

Heart Attack – occurs when blood flow to a part of the heart muscle itself is blocked.

Ischemic Stroke – a stroke that occurs when blood vessels that feed the brain get blocked, usually from a blood clot becoming stuck in a narrowed artery. Ischemic strokes are the most common type of stroke.

Hemorrhagic stroke – a stoke that occurs when a blood vessel within the brain bursts (cerebral aneurysm).

Heart Failure – sometimes called congestive heart failure occurs when the heart isn’t pumping blood as well as it should.

Arrhythmia – is an abnormal or irregular rhythm of the heart. The heart can beat too fast or too slow. Arrhythmia may cause the heart to not pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs.

Heart Valve Stenosis – occurs when the heart valves don’t open enough to allow the blood to flow through as it should.

Heart Valve Regurgitation – occurs when the heart valves don’t close properly and allow blood to leak through.

Mitral Valve Prolapse – occurs when the valve leaflets bulge or prolapse back into the upper chamber. Blood will then flow backward through them.

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